Role of Lipid Profile in Heart Diseases and Preventive Measures
The role of lipid profile is critical in heart diseases. Cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides are blamed for being atherogenic.
A strong association exists between:
- High level of LDL (low-density lipoprotein).
- Cholesterol level.
- History of atherosclerotic heart disease.
Triglycerides (fatty acids+glycerol complex) are a form of simple lipids and really found in dietary fats.
Saturated fatty acids have no double bonds and raise the cholesterol level. These are found in animal sources and are solid at room temperature.
Unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds and do not raise the cholesterol level. These are usually found in plant sources and often are liquid at room temperature.
Lipids are a rich source of energy. Most of the lipids are stored within the adipose cells.
Adipose cells contain storage fats; this will accumulate around the tissues and within the body cavities and be used when energy is needed.
Role of lipid profile in heart diseases:
|Type of lipid||Role of lipid||Desired level|
Male = >40 mg/dL
Female = >50 mg/dL
Other factors can influence your heart disease risk like:
- Physical activity.
- Weight loss.
- Waist circumference.
- Use of tobacco.
|Risk factors and their role||Recommendations|
|Role of waist circumference||
|Use of tobacco||
How to protect the heart diseases:
There are so many ways that you can prevent heart disease. Some of these we will discuss briefly.
- Quit smoking.
- Quit alcohol intake in any form.
- Avoid fatty meals.
- Avoid junk foods from fast-food restaurants. These junk foods are loaded with fats.
- Change the food habits and add more fruits and vegetables to the diet.
- Fruits and vegetables are sources of fibers and various other nutrients.
- Fruits and vegetables provide:
- Nitric oxide and potassium can dilate the blood vessels.
- These will lower blood pressure.
- These will keep blood vessels healthy.
- Eat at least 2 cups of fruits and 1/2 cup of vegetables every day.
- You can eat fruits and vegetables at all meals and snacks.
- Eating the soluble fibers 10 to 25 grams/day will lower LDL cholesterol.
- These soluble fibers help to feel satisfied after eating and keep the gut healthy.
- In the USA, Metamucil is a good fiber supplement.
- Add whole grains to your food and also include lentils and beans twice a week.