Metabolic syndrome and Prevention
- For the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, the best sample is serum after 8 to 12 hours of fast.
Definition of metabolic syndrome
- This is also known as Syndrome X. Actually, this is insulin resistance syndrome. These individuals have various metabolic abnormalities and have more risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
- These people have increased risk and show accelerated atherosclerosis.
Three or more of the following parameter when positive indicate metabolic syndrome:
- abdominal obesity. This is defined by having a waist circumference:
- In men = 40 inches (102 centimeters or cm) or more.
- In women 35 inches (89 cm) or more.
- Waist circumference cutoff points can vary by race.
- Triglycerides > 150 mg / dl.
- HDL-cholesterol < 40 mg /dl for men and < 50 mg/dl for women. (This is called good Cholesterol).
- LDL- cholesterol > 100 mg/dl (This is called bad cholesterol).
- Fasting glucose > 110 mg/dl.
- Some of the studies suggest a High blood sugar level, with a fasting blood glucose test result of 100 mg/dL or more.
- Hypertension when:
- Systolic blood pressure is 130 mm Hg or more.
- Diastolic blood pressure 85 mm Hg or more.
Complications of metabolic syndrome. There is an increased risk of:
- Heart disease. High cholesterol and high blood pressure can cause atherosclerosis and narrow the arteries’ lumen and may lead to a heart attack.
- Stroke. This may be also due to atherosclerosis.
- Diabetes may develop If you don’t make lifestyle changes to control your insulin resistance, your glucose levels will continue to increase. You may develop diabetes as a result of metabolic syndrome.
- Low carbohydrates even with high in saturated fats may improve the cholesterol profile.
- Fish is rich in omega-3 so it protects against vascular diseases. So this should be eaten three times a week.
- Aggressive lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.
Treatment or how to prevent metabolic syndrome:
- Lose weight: If you lose weight by 5 to 10 percent of your body weight. that can reduce insulin levels needed by the body.
- By losing weight blood pressure may also be controlled.
- Exercise: The Daily exercise of 30 minutes or more is recommended. This may be even brisk walking every day.
- Stop smoking.
- Cigarettes smoking lead to:
- increases insulin resistance.
- Worsens the health consequences of metabolic syndrome.
- Cigarettes smoking lead to:
- Food Changes in the food style also help to prevent metabolic syndrome like :
- Eat more fiber-rich foods.
- Your food should include whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables.
- Mechanism of food: These food items are packed with dietary fiber, which can lower your insulin levels.
Try to follow the following advice:
- Commit to a healthy diet.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Try to take white meat or fish.
- Avoid red meat.
- Avoid processed or deep-fried foods.
- Don’t use table salt.
- Exercise: Make a habit of regular, moderately strenuous physical activity at least for 30 minutes.
- Regular check-up like :
- Blood pressure.
- Check Blood sugar levels on a regular basis.
- Make other changes in lifestyle if the values of the test are going the wrong way.