Metabolic Panel and Significance
January 30, 2023Chemical pathologyLab Tests
Sample for Metabolic Panel
- Fasting blood is the best sample.
- The patient needs fasting for 8 to 10 hours.
Indications for Metabolic Panel
- For routine health check-ups.
- To evaluate kidney function.
- To evaluate the liver function.
- To monitor the medication which may affect the liver or kidneys.
The metabolic panel evaluates the function of various organs:
Metabolic panel measures:
- Blood glucose level
- Serum electrolytes
- Kidney function tests
- Liver function tests
- Fluid electrolytes.
The metabolic panel consists of the following:
- Total protein
- Liver function tests:
- Serum bilirubin
- SGPT ( alanine aminotransferase)
- SGOT (aspartate aminotransferase)
- ALP (alkaline phosphatase)
- Kidneys function tests:
- BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
- Serum sodium
- Serum potassium
- Serum calcium level
- Thyroid function tests.
- Lipid profile.
- Metabolic syndrome is also called Syndrome X.
- Metabolic syndrome consists of the following:
- Insulin resistance.
- Abdominal obesity.
- Prothrombotic and proinflammatory conditions.
- Metabolic syndrome criteria:
- There is glucose intolerance with a fasting level of 110 to 125 mg/dL.
- Atherogenic stimulants are:
- Triglycerides = >150 mg/dL
- HDL-C = <40 mg/dL males and <50 mg/dL in females.
- Increased LDL