General Health – Part 2 – Indications of The Most Common Tests (General body check up)
- The best sample is fasting blood.
There are few common tests that should be done in routine after a certain interval of the period or in some diseases.
- These common tests give the functional status of :
- Liver function.
- Kidney function.
- Thyroid function.
- Prostatic cancer in males.
- PAP smear to detect cervical cancer.
- The possibility of colon cancer.
Common tests when these are indicated in the various diseases:
|Serum potassium||Patients on diuretic drugs, in cardiac arrhythmia’s, on Potassium supplement|
|Occult blood stool||As a screening test after the age of 45 years|
|TSH||To diagnose hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or thyroid dysfunctions, after the age of 50 years or above|
|Amylase||To diagnose pancreatitis or in abdominal pain|
|LFT||To diagnose liver diseases. Monitor the patient on hepatotoxic drugs|
|Hemoglobin||To diagnose anemia and monitor the treatment of anemia|
|Hematocrit||Used as a baseline study for abnormal bleeding or anemia|
|TLC||To differentiate acute or chronic infection or to diagnose leukemia|
|DLC||To differentiate acute or chronic infection, for typing of anemia or leukemia|
|Platelet count||To find thrombocytopenia or thrombocytosis|
|PT||For monitoring of anticoagulant therapy|
|Fasting blood glucose||Do every 3 years after the age of 45 years. It is used to monitor D.Mellitus|
|Urine culture||For patients with pus (WBC) in urine|
|Urinalysis||In case of urinary diseases, in pregnant ladies, and in prostatic hyperplasia|
|PSA||Screening for men above the age of 50 years to rule out prostatic cancer|
|Pap smear||Yearly women after the age of 18 years|
|Creatinine||To diagnose kidney diseases|
|CPK||To diagnose muscular diseases|